pycrypto 和 lua-resty-rsa 进行跨语言的RSA加密解密.md

最近需要在 OpenResty(Nginx lua) 和 Python 中做RSA的加密和解密操作,客户端是Python的使用 pycrypto 库,而服务端使用 OpenResty 来做解密,使用了德江的 lua-resty-rsa。如果不熟悉2个库的同学可能会遇到一些问题,下面说下遇到问题和简单的示例。

主要遇到的问题就是 rsa padding的问题, lua-resty-rsa 默认使用的是 PKCS1 v1.5 模式做的padding,当然也提供了其他的padding方式。

Python部分

#coding:utf-8
"""
orangleliu 2017.5.14 rsa_test.py

python2.7
pycrypto (2.6.1)
"""
import base64
from Crypto.PublicKey import RSA as rsa
from Crypto.Cipher import PKCS1_v1_5


pub_key_str = """-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBCgKCAQEAuw4T755fepEyXTM66pzf6nv8NtnukQTMGnhmBFIFHp/P2vEpxjXU
BBDUpzKkVFR3wuK9O1FNmRDAGNGYC0N/9cZNdhykA1NixJfKQzncN31VJTmNqJNZ
W0x7H9ZGoh2aE0zCCZpRlC1Rf5rL0SVlBoQkn/n9LnYFwyLLIK5/d/y/NZVL6Z6L
cyvga0zRajamLIjY0Dy/8YIwVV6kaSsHeRv2cOB03eam6gbhLGIz/l8wuJhIn1rO
yJLQ36IOJymbbNmcC7+2hEQJP40qLvH7hZ1LaAkgQUHjfi8RvH2T1Jmce7XGPxCo
Ed0yfeFz+pL1KeSWNey6cL3N5hJZE8EntQIDAQAB
-----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----"""

priv_key_str = """-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----
MIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAuw4T755fepEyXTM66pzf6nv8NtnukQTMGnhmBFIFHp/P2vEp
xjXUBBDUpzKkVFR3wuK9O1FNmRDAGNGYC0N/9cZNdhykA1NixJfKQzncN31VJTmN
qJNZW0x7H9ZGoh2aE0zCCZpRlC1Rf5rL0SVlBoQkn/n9LnYFwyLLIK5/d/y/NZVL
6Z6Lcyvga0zRajamLIjY0Dy/8YIwVV6kaSsHeRv2cOB03eam6gbhLGIz/l8wuJhI
n1rOyJLQ36IOJymbbNmcC7+2hEQJP40qLvH7hZ1LaAkgQUHjfi8RvH2T1Jmce7XG
PxCoEd0yfeFz+pL1KeSWNey6cL3N5hJZE8EntQIDAQABAoIBAGim1ayIFK8EMQNH
uDyui/Aqcc9WWky0PGTK23irUsXxb1708gQ89WNY70Cj6qBrqZ1VMb3QHPP4FSFN
kh0rJJoi2g+ssm5R5r5KlhTKeFRrQInVC1Y3KhUUUwZa4aWtnhgSJ7Urq1yVhjU4
K7PVkhH1OHBwcp/d1Bd6jd65AgPkY63P+WpcARJkClmQ1RhgoRwThyJdpKrV4/gO
ha0AUGlJNRNvRwiZxP0zaI5C8RdrG96SnVpeYOcD0z/M1HVlkoYMXsXLKttwLfpK
88Igtm6ZJwRpfuMF5VA+9hHaYGCBdGz0B/rMp2fc+EtrOavYQGrWIWi2RL1Qk6Rt
BUyeTgECgYEA9anj4n/cak1MT+hbNFsL31mJXryl1eVNjEZj/iPMztpdS15CmFgj
Kjr9UuintjSiK7Is43nZUWWyP1XQjRhVi2uP7PRIv92QNl/YteWD6tYCInJHKe2J
QqYyZrElezsdayXb5DK6bi1UIYYji90g79N7x6pOR0UnQNQUXTv+Y8ECgYEAwuzl
6Ez4BSXIIL9NK41jfNMa73Utfl5oO1f6mHM2KbILqaFE76PSgEeXDbOKdcjCbbqC
KCGjwyPd+Clehg4vkYXTq1y2SQGHwfz7DilPSOxhPY9ND7lGbeNzDUK4x8xe52hd
MWKdgqeqCK83e5D0ihzRiMah8dbxmlfLAOZ3sPUCgYEA0dT9Czg/YqUHq7FCReQG
rg3iYgMsexjTNh/hxO97PqwRyBCJPWr7DlU4j5qdteobIsubv+kSEI6Ww7Ze3kWM
u/tyAeleQlPTnD4d8rBKD0ogpJ+L3WpBNaaToldpNmr149GAktgpmXYqSEA1GIAW
ZAL11UPIfOO6dYswobpevYECgYEApSosSODnCx2PbMgL8IpWMU+DNEF6sef2s8oB
aam9zCi0HyCqE9AhLlb61D48ZT8eF/IAFVcjttauX3dWQ4rDna/iwgHF5yhnyuS8
KayxJJ4+avYAmwEnfzdJpoPRpGI0TCovRQhFZI8C0Wb+QTJ7Mofmt9lvIUc64sff
GD0wT/0CgYASMf708dmc5Bpzcis++EgMJVb0q+ORmWzSai1NB4bf3LsNS6suWNNU
zj/JGtMaGvQo5vzGU4exNkhpQo8yUU5YbHlA8RCj7SYkmP78kCewEqxlx7dbcuj2
LAPWpiDca8StTfEphoKEVfCPHaUk0MlBHR4lCrnAkEtz23vhZKWhFw==
-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----"""


def encrypt(pub_key_str, msg):
    pubobj = rsa.importKey(pub_key_str)
    pubobj = PKCS1_v1_5.new(pubobj)
    return base64.b64encode(pubobj.encrypt(msg))


def decrypt(priv_key_str, msg):
    privobj = rsa.importKey(priv_key_str)
    privobj = PKCS1_v1_5.new(privobj)
    # 关于 privobj.decrypt 第二个参数请见
    # https://github.com/dlitz/pycrypto/blob/master/lib/Crypto/Cipher/PKCS1_v1_5.py#L154
    return privobj.decrypt(base64.b64decode(msg), 'xyz')


if __name__ == "__main__":
    msg = "1234567890654xxx"
    mmsg = encrypt(pub_key_str, msg)
    print mmsg
    dmsg = decrypt(priv_key_str, mmsg)
    print dmsg

Lua 部分的例子

-- orangleliu 2017.5.14
-- resty -I ./ rsa_test.lua

local rsa = require "util.rsa" -- lua-resty-rsa
local aes = require "resty.aes"

local PUBLIC_KEY = [[
-----BEGIN RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
MIIBCgKCAQEAuw4T755fepEyXTM66pzf6nv8NtnukQTMGnhmBFIFHp/P2vEpxjXU
BBDUpzKkVFR3wuK9O1FNmRDAGNGYC0N/9cZNdhykA1NixJfKQzncN31VJTmNqJNZ
W0x7H9ZGoh2aE0zCCZpRlC1Rf5rL0SVlBoQkn/n9LnYFwyLLIK5/d/y/NZVL6Z6L
cyvga0zRajamLIjY0Dy/8YIwVV6kaSsHeRv2cOB03eam6gbhLGIz/l8wuJhIn1rO
yJLQ36IOJymbbNmcC7+2hEQJP40qLvH7hZ1LaAkgQUHjfi8RvH2T1Jmce7XGPxCo
Ed0yfeFz+pL1KeSWNey6cL3N5hJZE8EntQIDAQAB
-----END RSA PUBLIC KEY-----
]]

local PRIV_LEY = [[-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----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-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----]]


local function encrypt(msg)
    local pub, err = rsa:new({ public_key = PUBLIC_KEY })
    if not pub then
        ngx.say("new rsa err: ", err)
        return
    end
    return ngx.encode_base64(pub:encrypt(msg))
end


local function decrypt(msg)
    local priv, err = rsa:new({ private_key = PRIV_LEY })
    if not priv then
        ngx.say("new rsa err: ", err)
        return
    end
    return priv:decrypt(ngx.decode_base64(msg))
end


local msg = "1234567890654xxx"
local mmsg = encrypt(msg)
ngx.say(mmsg)
local dmsg = decrypt(mmsg)
ngx.say(dmsg)

python 和 lua 的加密解密都可以相互进行了,通常我们遇到跨语言的aes rsa des 加密解密不成功,首先应该想到 padding的算法不一致这个问题。

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